Natura 2000

With the development of Natura 2000, Europe is launching an ambitious project, a network of ecological sites, with two objectives: to preserve biodiversity and enhance the natural heritage of our countries

Human activities carried out in a community must take into account the habitats and species of interest, this is stated in the Fauna and Flora Habitat Directive and the Ornithology Directive.

But in recent years, outdoor sports, especially that of snowshoeing have increased considerably. That’s why today, it is necessary to promote the protection of these natural habitats to avoid further damage to these sensitive areas with ‘Activities in the Outdoors’ (APN).

The La Llose - Clavera area offers the opportunity to take part in various outdoor activities. The site offers cross country skiing pistes and snowshoe trails in Winter and paths for hikers and mountain bikers for the rest of the year.

At Col de la Llose, there are 62 natural habitats, 20 of local community interest and have a priority 3, as decreed in the Fauna and Flora Habitat Directive.

The main natural habitats with high sensitivity with regard to tourism development are peatlands, 63 are listed in the area. The only species of high sensitivity at the Col de la Llose is the Capercaillie.

The priorities in this area are:
- Reconciliation of outdoor activities with the preservation and enhancement of peatlands;
- Reconciliation of outdoor activities with the preservation of Capercaillie;
- Mutual respect of different activities on the land: recreation, hunting, farming, forestry work.

Objectives to follow:
- Forest management in partnership with all users. The forest management is necessary to safeguard the Capercaillie.
- The user awareness of and adherence to a code of good practice, both for the Capercaillie and the peatlands.

Actions undertaken, planned and permanent:
Every year, as part of raising awareness, workshops are held for professional guides and workers in the outdoors organised by the staff working at the Natural Reserve of Nohèdes.

Field days are also conducted every year to "observe" user behaviour.

In Winter, during the most sensitive time for the Capercaillie, the Capcir Nordic Area combines its activities with the preservation of the Capercaillie. Often works are carried out to block certain access: mounds of snow.
Thanks to you, the users, respect this work…

An exhibition and slide show are on show at the Col de La Llose to explain the effectiveness of these actions and to explain about these sensitive habitats and species.

So, the charter of good conduct setting out rules for behaviour to save peatlands and Capercaillie in the La Llose -  Clavera is now established. Its adoption by users will be the only way to ensure the survival of these species, symbolic of the Pyrenees and to maintain all that’s necessary for the water cycle ...

Operation Awareness and Environmental Protection funded by the General Council of the Pyrénées-Orientales.


Conseil Général des Pyrénées-Orientales
24, quai Sadi Carnot, 66009 - Perpignan Cedex
Email :
Web :
Tél. 04 68 85 85 85